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By - Pritam Baldota

Associate Custom Content Type with SharePoint 2010/2013 List Or Library using PowerShell

To automate deployment in SharePoint 2010/2013 on-premise solution, we have to use PowerShell. One of the deployment activity is creating SharePoint Custom Lists/Libraries and associating them with custom created content types. In this article we will be focusing only how to add/remove content types from the List/Library.

To add content type follow below steps –

  • Get Reference to Site collection and root web to get the content types.

[shell]

$siteRef = Get-SPSite http://domain/site
$rootWebRef = $siteRef.RootWeb

[/shell]

  • Get the target web reference to which content type will be added for List/Library.

[shell]
$web = Get-SPWeb http://domain/site/web
[/shell]

  • Get the reference to target list / library

[shell]
$listRef = $web.Lists[“List Title”]
[/shell]

  • Enable the management of content type for this list/library.

[shell]

$listRef.ContentTypesEnabled  = $true
$listRef.Update()

[/shell]

  • Get the deployed Content Type reference from root web which will be added to the target list.

[shell]
$targetContentType= $rootWebRef.ContentTypes[“CustomContentType”]
[/shell]

  • Check if Content is already exists from ContentTypes collection of a List. If not found then add the content type to the list.

[shell]
$contentTypeExist = $listRef.ContentTypes[$contentType.Name]
if($contentTypeExist -ne $null)
{
$listRef.ContentTypes.Add($targetContentType)
$listRef.Update()
}
[/shell]

To delete content type follow below steps –

To delete content type association from list, we have to get the reference of associated content type and pass the Id of content type to Delete method on ContentTypes collection.

[shell]

$contentTypeExist = $listRef.ContentTypes[$contentType.Name]

$listRef.ContentTypes.Delete($contentTypeExist.Id)

[/shell]

This is how the complete code will look like –

[shell]

$siteRef = Get-SPSite http://domain/site
$rootWebRef = $siteRef.RootWeb
$web = Get-SPWeb http://domain/site/web

$listRef = $web.Lists[“List Title”]
if ($listRef -ne $null)
{
$listRef.ContentTypesEnabled  = $true
$listRef.Update()
$targetContentType = $rootWebRef.ContentTypes[$contentType.Name]
if($targetContentType -ne $null)
{
$contentTypeExist = $listRef.ContentTypes[$contentType.Name]
if($contentTypeExist -ne $null)
{
Write-Host “Adding Content Type – ” $targetContentType.Name -ForegroundColor Green
$listRef.ContentTypes.Add($targetContentType)
}
else
{
Write-Host ”  Content Type already exists – ” $targetContentType.Name -ForegroundColor Green
}
}
$listRef.Update()
}

[/shell]

Happy Coding 🙂